Depuis plusieurs années, les équipes d

Ashamed to fly: MP from Toulouse calls for ‘stop shooting in the foot’

For several years, Airbus teams have been studying sustainable fuels, a way to dramatically reduce greenhouse gases from air transport. (© Airbus / Master Films / Hervé Goussé)

journey of shameAnd Airshipping… In recent years, many new words have appeared in the French language to denounce air Transport It is considered very polluted.

Among the most critical voices are non-governmental organizations (NGOs) such as green area which denounces in particular the “disproportionate climatic impact” of short trips such as those between Toulouse and Paris.

Aerobashing, a French specificity?

to Jean-Luc LaglesVice (MoDem) from 2e In the department of Haute-Garonne, these attacks on air transport are almost exclusively found in France. with silvia benellThe deputy (PRG) of the second district of Tarn-et-Garonne, presented a media report on the future of the aviation sector in France before the Committee on Economic Affairs of the National Assembly, Wednesday 12 January 2022.

Sylvia Pinel and Jean-Luc Laglis presented their report on Wednesday, January 12, 2022.
Sylvia Pinel and Jean-Luc Laglis presented their report on Wednesday, January 12, 2022. (© DR)

To produce this 129-page document, many players (sociologists, economists, NGOs, airlines, manufacturers, ministers, etc.) were interviewed about the present and future of the sector. Aerobashing was one of the big topics discussed.

“During all of these sessions, we discovered that flying sports is practically only found in France or Northern Europe (the word ‘flygskam’ is derived from Sweden, editor’s note). Aerobashing never exists in the United States. In South America, airplanes are the only means of transportation Existing due to the vastness of countries and the impossibility of creating railways. In all of Southeast Asia there are not only islands, so the plane is not worth even to imagine dispensing with. Within China, there is an exceptional market for the plane. In general, this only exists with us!”

Jean-Luc LaglesMember of Parliament (MoDem) for the second district of Haute-Garonne

We are playing Boeing and Comac.

To prepare this report, I interviewed the environmental NGO Greenpeace. “At the beginning of the session, they explained that it is necessary to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from air transport. But very quickly, it turns into: “We must reduce air transport.” In general, these organizations seem ideological to me. Working with them is very complex .. .”, the deputy regrets.

“We may have to stop shooting ourselves when we have an industry that is one of the leading industries in the world, which provides 700,000 jobs and positive foreign trade for France. It is also in the process of decarbonizing. So let’s stop shooting we are in our feet because we are playing For Boeing and Comac, the Chinese aircraft manufacturer.”

Jean-Luc Lagles

For the representative-elect from Haut-Garonne, these criticisms could undermine Airbus, the aviation giant, which employs 50,000 people, half of them in Toulouse alone. “If we want only two makers left, an American and a Chinese, let’s keep it that way!” he slips, full of sarcasm.

Aviation is responsible for 3% of greenhouse gas emissions.

Jean-Luc Lagles believes that the judgment on aviation in France is too strict. Globally, air travel accounts for 3% of greenhouse gas emissions. Housing 30%. When we consider that housing pollutes 10 times more than air travel, what will we say? Do we stop building because it pollutes? A dwelling that pollutes a lot, shut it down and evict people? You have to be rational…”

Vice 2e The constituency reports that several measures, such as ‘MaPrimeRénov’, have been put in place by the government in an effort to reduce the environmental impact of the most polluting homes. But it will take several years before our existing housing stock becomes more effective. So let’s also accept that it happens the same way for transportation,” continues MoDem-elect.

Is the modesty of aviation causes a decline in demand?

The MPs’ report also attributes the fallout from this line of thought: “It does not translate significantly to the level of air traffic at this point. In the opinion of many of the interviewees – travel agencies and airlines, but also economists and sociologists – the price remains to this day.” It is the deciding factor in purchasing a transport ticket, much more than environmental considerations.”

“SAF is the future of short-term aviation”

According to him, air transport can also make significant progress quickly in terms of greenhouse gas emissions thanks to pure (sustainable aviation fuel sustainable aviation fuel). “It’s the future of aviation in the short term, in the sense that it will be easier to implement,” he explains. An ideal compromise, he says, to quickly remove carbon.

“In France, the entire energy sector works on it. There are two types of biofuels: derived from biomass, extracted from forests and agricultural residues, and cooking oils, animal fats or even cardboard, and synthesis fuels, which are generated from existing carbon dioxide. In the shell atmospheric and hydrogen synthesis”.

Jean-Luc Lagles

Campaigning for biofuels

appreciate it electric plane It should appear on the market in just four to ten years and only relate to short trips. to get electricity or hydrogen In the medium term, “we will have to wait until 2035 or even 2040”. And for much longer international flights, he doubts the ability to use only electricity or hydrogen. For electric aircraft, batteries today are very heavy. With regard to hydrogen, the payload capacity may not be sufficient for long trips.”

In the face of this remark, he called for the extensive use of biofuels which, according to the Minister of Transport, It emits 91% less CO2 compared to kerosene.

The Sudanese Armed Forces sector remains disorganized

“The aircraft are currently licensed to operate on a mixture of 50% SAF and conventional jet fuel,” Airbus recalled, on November 29, when announcing the first conclusions of the “ECLIF3” study, conducted with Rolls-Royce, DLR (German Aeronautics and Astronautics Centre) and SAF Neste, on the impact of sustainable fuels on the two engines of a commercial airliner. This study aims to support a campaign Certify using 100% SAF.

But if flights made entirely with SAF are eventually allowed, airlines should not use this sustainable fuel on a large scale. Not by choice:

“This sector is not regulated at the European level. Different countries and actors are working in their own corner. SAF suppliers explain that they do not have outlets at the moment and airlines say they do not have many offers.”

Jean-Luc Lagles

And when demand is greater than supply, we end up with prices at their highest… As it is, it is hard to imagine airlines – which have suffered so much from the effects of the Covid crisis – spending more money to switch to FAS.

‘Biofuels are expensive’

Jean-Luc Laglise asserts: “It will remain costly as long as the market is unregulated. We are calling for this structure to be set up at the European level. That is why we want French Presidency of the European Union (valid since 1is being January 2022, editor’s note) or a boost To do this,” the deputy breathes.

The existence of a French sector is a topic already mentioned Jean Baptiste Djebari Last May, on the occasion of the first long-range flight with the Sudanese Armed Forces between Paris And Montreal (Canada).

The United States is already betting on sustainable fuels

For MP Lagleize, the issue of FAS is urgent. “The United States did not wait for us to develop its own SAF sector,” he explains, implying that FAS Support Plan Launched by the President of the United States Joe Biden.

This particularly ambitious plan aims to reduce aviation emissions by 20% by 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. To achieve this, the United States is counting on Production of 11 billion liters of SAF by 2030.

If France and the European Union do not take the role of the Sudanese armed forces, the politician in Toulouse fears that within five to ten years, “we will have to import biofuels from the United States, delivered by tanker that will cross the Atlantic Ocean to supply our aircraft.” Then we witness the climax of ridicule.

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